Punishment vs Rehabilitation

Punishment versus Rehabilitation
Robin Valdivia
University of Phoenix
Survey of Justice and Security
CJA 500
Arnold Wicker, Sr.
January 17, 2010
In this paper, I will discuss and debate the issues of punishment versus rehabilitation. Specifically pointing out how these issues affect the deterrence of crime, the impact upon victims and their families, the impact upon the offender, the social impact upon society, and the fiscal impact upon society. Let us look at two schools of criminology; classical and positive. The classical school proposes that punishment works to deter and the positive school proposes that rehabilitation works to reduce recidivism. Is there enough evidence that both schools of criminology will work or is it only one specific school?
Punishment versus Rehabilitation
      Two of four objectives in the criminal justice system are that of rehabilitation and punishment, and this society has high expectations that the system will live up to those expectations. Everyone in the criminal justice arena and the public has ideas and opinions on what will work and what won’t work when it comes time to punish or rehabilitate criminals, and there are pros and cons to this debate. In this paper, punishment and rehabilitation will be addressed in consideration of appropriateness.
      Being one of the primary goals of the criminal justice system, deterrence has the purpose of specifically instilling fear into the offender, in the hopes of not committing future crimes. General deterrence is to punish the offender to instill fear into our society by teaching and showing society what the consequences can be when committing a crime. Punishment has been part of our society that goes as far back as in the days before Christ. Punishment is based on the idea that it will deter people from committing crimes or repeating those acts. The most common form of punishment is to incarcerate a criminal for a certain time, but research has shown...