Public Administration


We must be able to answer:

    • Why are we studying and what are these two
    • Differences: what and why
    • Similarities: what and why
    • What do scholars think about it
    • Role of public & private administrations in developed countries
    • Role of public & private administrations in developing countries
    • Respective roles in pre-LPG: divergence
    • Respective roles in post-LPG: convergence
    • Final analysis
        o Ultimate aim
        o Whither future and how should the change be directed (in both cases)

With the change in economic milieu world-over, the role of public and private sectors is being reviewed and reoriented to meet the emerging challenges of society.


The difference in their values, objectives and contribution to society fundamentally differentiates the business of public and private administrations. Simon, Stamp and Drucker endorse this viewpoint.

1. Service motive and general welfare of the public are the ends of public administration, while private administration by contrast, is basically oriented towards earning profit.
2. Public administration operates under constitutional laws, rules and regulations. While the private administration works under market environment recognized by greater autonomy, competitiveness and freedom.
3. Public Administration enables accessibility to all, any deviance is exposed to public gaze and censure. While discrimination on the other hand, is almost a part of business culture.
4. Public administration is exceedingly complex, with lots of pulls and pressures and political directions. Private administration by contrast, is much more well-knit and single minded in operation.
5. Urgency and comprehensiveness of functions ranging social, cultural and economic activities identifies the Public administration. Natural calamities and man-made disasters force the government to provide immediate relieves without...