Main behaviour theories
* Behaviourism – In a behaviourist approach, learning should progress step-by-step and build on previously learned material. In the early stages the learner should be regularly rewarded when correct responses are given. This feedback stimulates motivation to continue. Learning is reinforced by rewards and knowledge of success.
* Gestalt theories – Learning through insight. When the student suddenly becomes aware of the relevance of the behaviour or learning. We have all experienced a sudden flash of inspiration – and this a form of insight. The characteristics of insight are that the solution to a problem comes suddenly, the solution can be applied to similar problems in different contexts and the solution can be retained over a period of time.
* Cognitive theories – Learn by acquiring new information, which enables the learner to evolve and transform their existing knowledge and then check out and apply the new state of knowledge to new situations; and so the process goes on. It is essential that the learner has a fundamental understanding of the underlying principles of a subject.
* Andragogy – Learning is a total personality process; life is a learning experience; true education is individual and about personal growth. Self – directed learner.
* Autonomous learners – and this means most adults, most of the time – sometimes formally, often unconsciously, set objectives and define criteria for their achievement. Autonomous learners know, or find, where and how and from what human and other resources they may gather the information they require, collect ideas, practice skills and achieve their goals.
Each group of learners is different from the next. Each student is different from the next. Each student is an individual with his or her own goals and expectations.
At the beginning of each new group of learners I will start by getting to know each individual’s learning needs, their motives for joining...