Psychological Disorder Analysis

Psychological Disorder Analysis
LeAnn Carthel
October 28, 2010
Axia College

From the Faces of Abnormal Psychology Application, I found that Maria is suffering from one of three disorders, Bipolar Disorder with hypomania, Cyclothymia which is a milder form of bipolar disorder, or Dysthymic Disorder. For the purpose of this paper, I chose Bipolar Disorder.
Bipolar disorder is a disorder of the brain, and can cause unusual shifts in energy, moods and levels of activity. Bipolar is characterized by the ups and downs a person feels, but the bipolar disorder symptoms are significantly more severe than that of just ups and downs. The ups and downs of bipolar disorder can affect jobs, relationships, to the extreme thoughts of suicide. Bipolar disorder puts people at a higher risk of heart disease, diabetes, obesity and headaches. According to researchers there is not a clear cause for bipolar disorder, but many believe it is a result of a chemical imbalance in the brain. Norepinephrine, serotonin and dopamine are the chemicals, also called neurotransmitters. An imbalance in the neurotransmitters can cause bipolar disorder, and an elevation in the neurotransmitters can cause mania.
The symptoms of mania are feeling overly happy for no apparent reason, being agitated and jumpy, starting tasks and not finishing them, easily distracted, taking on more than the person can handle, having feelings of restlessness, trouble sleeping, unrealistic beliefs about one’s self, impulsive behaviors such as spending sprees, impulsive sex or business investments. The hypomania may have increased energy levels, but not to the extreme or severity as the mania. The person experiencing a manic episode may not recognize it, but family and friends and coworkers will. Without treatment hypomania can develop into severe mania and /or depression.
The symptoms of the depression mood are long periods of feeling empty, or constant worry, lack of interest in anything once pleasurable and...