Psych. Essay

Psychology thesis:   Theory of Cognitive Development


Psychology thesis:
Theory of Cognitive Development
The theme of “Cognitive Development” and its theory will be explored in this thesis. It will be explored, whether the Theory is valid and can be applied in modern study.
Cognitive Development is defined by the Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh (2008) as, "Development of the ability to think and reason," or defined by a more recent definition by the ITS tutorial school (2009) as, "The growth of cognitive (thinking) abilities." The theory of Cognitive Development, which was proposed by Jean Piaget, states that children's thinking does not develop entirely smoothly, but rather it moves through different stages. (Atherton, 2009) The theory also states that a child would have to completely master one stage before it could move on to the next, and that the previous stage would act as a building block for the following one. Today, his theory helps scientists to better understand how children learn and develop.

The Key Researcher and Theorist: Jean Piaget
In the article entitled, “Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development,” Jean Piaget is regarded as, "One of the most influential researchers in the area of development psychology during the 20th century.” Perhaps, he is given of this name as he had developed a sophisticated and successful theory in explaining cognitive development. He devised four stages that he thought a human child would go through before reaching full competency.
He also theorized that an infant is born with operating schemes that he called, “reflexes,” which were without volition, and would help the child adapt to the surrounding environment in order to procure constructed schemes. (Huitt & Hummel, 2003) He noticed that even infants have skills in regard to objects in their milieu. Perchance he could have been successful due to his understanding of his subject. In 1940, he became the chair of Experimental Psychology, also the...