Proposal for Ninh Thuan Nuclear Power Plant

Building Ninh Thuan Nuclear Power Plant: Challenges and Benefits

    5 years ago, a senior energy expert of World Bank in Vietnam, Mr. Richard Spencer stated “Vietnam will become an electricity importing country in 2015” (Pham 2008). However, this bad situation came sooner than expected when Vietnam had to import 2.7 billion kWh in 2012, and scheduled to import extra 1 billion kWh in 2013 (Phuong 2013). Therefore, to ensure the growth of economy and people activities, Vietnamese government gave a proposal for building a nuclear power plant in Ninh Thuan province with an expectation about finding the answer to the power supply problem as America, Japan and China before. Yet, this proposal has been a controversial. This paper will talk about some hitches in managing waste treatment and unskilled labor force that are concerns in carrying out building nuclear plant in Ninh Thuan, and the economic and environmental benefits that nuclear power brings to.

    Nuclear power or nuclear energy is an alternative power source that heat is created by the uranium’s nuclear fission, and then transferred through a heat transfer mechanism and turbines to create electricity. The main material of nuclear power includes either one of uranium 233, uranium 235, enriched uranium or plutonium (Nuclear Material 2012). Nowadays, there are 440 nuclear power plants worldwide. Nuclear energy supports 30% electricity in Europe and Japan, 20% in America (ENS 2013).

    Vietnam is just a sapling in nuclear energy field, thus, people can see clearly immediate difficulties in setting to work the proposal. Professor Tran Dai Phuc, who has more than 40 years of experience in working at nuclear power field in different countries, said   “Vietnamese human resource for nuclear energy is in alarming, lacking in both quality and quantity” (Ngoc 2013a). Considering about the labor quantity first, to operate the Ninh Thuan nuclear plant, it requires at least 2000 staff including specialists,...