Qutub Minar
Coordinates: 28.524355°N 77.185248°E
Qutub Minar
Qutub Minar in Delhi, India

Type Cultural
Criteria (iv)
Designated 1993 (17th session)
Reference No. 233
Country  India
Continent Asia
Qutub Minar (English: The Qutub Tower; Urdu: قطب مینار‎), also known as Qutb Minarand Qutab Minar, is the tallest minaret in India, originally an ancient Islamic Monument, inscribed with Arabic inscriptions, though the iron pillar has some Brahmiinscriptions,[1] and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[2] Located in Delhi, the Qutub Minar is made of red sandstone and marble. The tower has 379 stairs,[3] is 72.5 metres (237.8 ft) high, and has a base diameter of 14.3 metres, which narrows to 2.7 metres at the top storey. Construction was started in 1192 by Qutub-ud-din Aibak and was completed by Iltutmish. [4][5] It is surrounded by several other ancient and medieval structures and ruins, collectively known as the Qutub complex.[1][6]
The Qutab Minar is made of red sandstone covered with intricate carvings and verses from the Qur'an.It is built by qutb-ud-din Aibak. Numerous inscriptions in Parso-Arabic and Nagari characters in different sections of the Qutub Minar reveal the history of its construction. According to the inscriptions on its surface it was repaired by Firoz Shah Tughluq (AD 1351-88) and Sikandar Lodi[7] (AD 1489-1517).[citation needed

The Qutub Minar comprises several superposed flanged and cylindrical shafts, separated bybalconies carried on Muqarnas corbels. The Qutub Minar is itself built on the ruins of the Lal Kot, the Red Citadel in the city of Dhillika, the capital of the Tomars and the Chauhans, the last Hindu rulers of Delhi.[9] One engraving on the Qutub Minar reads, "Shri Vishwakarma prasade rachita" (

The Iron Pillar in Qutub Minar, c. 1905
The Qutub Minar has been damaged by earthquakes and lightning strikes on several occasions but has been repaired and renovated by various rulers. During the rule of...