Produce a Factsheet to Explain the Main Theories of Your Chosen Theorist.

Iev Vygotski (1896-1934)
Cognitive Development Theory Iev Vygotski’s Background

• He was a Russian Soviet psychologist, and the founder of cultural-historical psychology and the leader of the Vygotski circle.
• His theory was cognitive constructivism.
• Vygotski investigated child development and how it was guided by the role of culture and interpersonal communication.(Thinking and speech).
• The key to Vygotskian psychology is often referred to as ‘cultural mediation’ and the ‘notion of internalization of knowledge.
• Vygotski saw children as “apprentices” learning and gaining understanding through being with others. Guided participation.
Iev Vygotski’s Theory

• ‘Constructivism — particularly in its "social" forms — suggests that the learner is much more actively involved in a joint enterprise with the teacher of creating ("constructing") new meanings.’
Constructivism in learning
• His theory is that through cultural groups and through social interactions with certain people in a child’s like especially a parents interaction, a child learnt habits of mentality and of culture eg speech patterns and written language.
• Vygotski’s framework provides interpretations about the cognitive role of tools of mediation with social learning and the notion of internalization of knowledge.
• Internalization – meaning “knowing how” e.g. mastering riding a bike or pouring out of a jug occurs through the activity of the child through society and others. Also internalization where a child takes a tool and uses it uniquely e.g. a pencil he will use it to create what he wants.
• In his theory of the “zone of Proximal development” he saw that when children were tested by themselves they rarely did as well as when they were working with an adult because their way of thinking enabled the child to refine their thinking on a task or test to make it more effective.
• The development of...