Principles of Safeguarding and Protection in Health and Social Care

Outcome 1
1.1 – Types of Abuse
Physical Abuse is the use of physical force that may result in injury to the body, pain or impairment to a person. This includes hitting (with or without use of an object), beating, shaking, kicking, pinching, scolding or burning.
Sexual Abuse is non-consensual sexual contact of any kind. This includes unwanted touching, all types of sexual assault such as coerced nudity, rape and sexually explicit photographs. Sexual contact with anyone incapable of giving consent is classed as sexual abuse.
Emotional/ psychological abuse is the infliction of pain, anguish or distress through verbal or non-verbal acts. This includes humiliation, intimidation, threats, verbal assaults, insults and harassment. Emotional/psychological abuse also includes treating an older person or a person with special needs like a child, isolating them from his/her family and friends or activities and enforcing social
Financial Abuse is the illegal or improper use of a person’s funds, property or assets. This may include cashing in a personal cheques without permission, forging a signature, using a cashpoint card to withdraw money without permission and stealing a person’s money.
Institutional abuse is the mistreatment, abuse or neglect of an adult at risk by a regime or individuals. It violates the person’s dignity, resulting in lack of respect for their basic human rights. This includes individual’s wishes and needs being sacrificed for the smooth running of a group or service. This type of abuse usually occurs within a care setting/home or service.
Self-neglect is usually characterized as the behaviour of a person who threatens his/her own health or safety. This includes refusal or failure to provide themselves with adequate water, food, shelter, medication (if needed) or personal hygiene. This does not include a person who is mentally competent who understands the consequence of their actions and decisions to engage in acts that put them in danger....