Principles of Safeguarding and Protection in Health and Social Care.

Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care.
1 Know how to recognise signs of abuse
1.1 Definitions of abuse
  * Physical:   Injuries which are unexplained, intentional, or not prevented by another person, internal or external injuries, using incorrect moving and handling techniques, improper use of medication or alcohol.
  * Sexual:   Sexual activities without consent or which cause distress or violate social taboos of family roles. Non contact abuse includes looking, photography, indecent exposure, sexual teasing, innuendo, sexual harassment. Contact abuse includes touching, masturbation, penetration or attempted penetration.
  * Emotional/Psychological:   Mental anguish caused by threatening or aggressive language/behaviour, harassment, humiliation or neglect, verbal abuse, threats, bullying, racism, sexism, intimidation, or being shouted at, failure to respond to emotional needs, failure to protect from emotional an psychological abuse from others, forcing a person to perform tasks which are inappropriate or inhumane .
  * Financial: Material exploitation, theft of money or possessions, extortion.
  * Institutional: Excessively rigid routines, lack of personal possessions, lack of choice in everyday activities, change in accommodation without consent, infantilisation of the person concerned.
  * Self neglect: Failure of a person to care for them self with the result that there may be serious impairment to them which may affect the rights and responsibilities of others.
  * Neglect by others: Neglect to the extent that a person’s health, development or general well-being is affected, denial of a person’s access to appropriate care, denial of food, shelter, warmth and sleep.
1.2 Identify signs and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse
  * Physical: bruises on protected parts of the body eg. breast, buttocks, lower body, abdomen and inner thighs. Other things to look for are black eyes, red marks, grip marks, slap...