Preventing Falls

Falls Prevention
Falling down is experienced by everyone in their life and is seen as an ordinary occurrence. But this ordinary occurrence has dire effects on some such as the elderly folk and also new born babies (Sandra, Barbara & Charles , 2013). There are different categories on falling, in some cases falling is dangerous for everyone if they were to fall from a height or fall on the ground injuring the sensitive part of the body (Sharon & Wendy, 2004). These kinds of falls are general and individuals are conscious of these and try to prevent them from happening but in the case of elderly this is a whole new concept with different implications. The discussion in this particular essay revolves around the falling of the elderly, the effects it has on them and how to prevent falling in clinics and nursing homes.
The results of falling range from light injuries to heavy injuries and even death. In the case of the elderly, falling either leads to heavy injuries causing disability or fatality (Sharon & Wendy, 2004). Injuries that cause disability greatly decrease the standard of living of an individual and put an immense pressure on the patient cost wise. Different statistics from around the world show the importance of this topic to be addressed extensively. In Japan, falling is the foremost cause of disability (leading to immobility) and morbidity in the citizens over the age of 65 (Dagmar, Martina & Katrin, 2012). In England, the incidence of falling amongst the elderly, over the age of 75, increases from 25% to 35% (Jane & Mark, 1999). The stats also show that 50% of the elderly people who experience the incidents of falling do so repeatedly. It is reported that falls are more common in the nursing homes; the ratio of falling is 1600 per 1000 patients annually (Jane & Mark, 1999). Women are found to fall more often than the men before the age of 75 but after that there is no difference between the two sexes in relation to falling. The rate of falls mentioned...