Preganacy and Birthing in Lao

In 2006 Liz Eckermann published findings of a case study that was conducted on the theory that are the risk regimes faced and perceived by pregnant women in rural Lao PDR substantially differ from those experienced by pregnant women in western societies? And if the Lao experiences and perceptions are different, can improvements in maternal health in Lao PDR be achieved.
The major dependent is Maternal Mortality Ratio this also included the Millennium Developmental Goal case study Lao PDR: Progress on MDG 5 targets 1990-2015. The independent variables were dimensions of difference such as ethnicity, age, geographical location, in particular rural living and social class. As well as the multitude of birthing options, economic imperatives and insurance arrangements, varies with social, economics and demographic positioning.
Despite a steady reduction in maternal mortality ratio (MMR) since 1990, Lao still has one of the highest MMR. Maternal deaths per 100,000 live births in Western Pacific region (Tulloch/Ausaid 2005, WHO 2006). In rural and remote communities the figures are more than double the national average. (Abouzahr 1996, Government of Lao PDR 2004).
Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 6 of the 2015 (MDG) 5 on maternal mortality which is to reduce by three quarters between 1990 and 2015 the maternal mortality ratio, Lao PDR has established 3 sets of indicators to measure progress on target 6: MMR proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel and contraceptive prevalence rate (Government of Lao PDR 2004).   Currently the country falls short on two indicators, namely MMR and proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel.
The decrease in Lao PDR’s official MMR from 750 deaths per 100,000 live births in 1990 to 530 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2000 has been mainly attributed to prevention strategies such as improved family planning access, immunization and reduction of anemia by dietary supplements. Western prevention strategies...