Population in India Change

Over-population has been major problem in India. The efforts to remove the curse of population problem have only been partially effective. In consequence the rate of population increase has gone down, but the balance between the optimum population growth and a healthy nation is far to be achieved.
Ignorance, illiteracy, unhygienic living and lack of proper recreation have remained the caused of population problem in India.
If we make a random survey we shall find that still there are women as well as men who are not able to grasp why they should have less children. The television instructs through advertisements and tableaus about the merit of a small, manageable family. But still there are families that suffer from diehard superstition. They consider adoption as an unholy activity. Again the backward tradition of professional ancestry is also firmly rooted in a large cross-section of our Indian society. A blacksmith, a carpenter, a mason or a tailor promptly trains his children to pick up the trade of their father. Naturally they have a psychological make-up that the more sons they have the more they can employ. Thus a laborer produces more as that mean more income.
Men, themselves must realize the merits of a small family. Another factor that encourages the growth-rate is religion. Some communities consider any mandate or statutory method of prohibition to be sacrilegious. India being a secular state, she cannot exercise any check or restraint on religious grounds. Some political party tried to circumvent intelligently this difficulty over religious freedom. It decided to increase the tuition fee of the boys in proportion to the number of their brothers. Those having more brothers were charged more. According to the laws of moral propriety, the reverse should have been the case. That is, the more the brothers, the lesser the fees, so that a lesser load is placed on the guardian. But the purpose of the law was to exercise a check on the birth-rate.