Population and Development

Law, Poverty and Development
          III year III Trimester
          B.A. Ll.B. (Hons.)

                        Population and Development
                                  Achieving a consensus

          Submitted By:
          Subhang Nair
          ID No. 1612

          Date of Submission: 30th May, 2010

      National Law School of India University

Table of Contents

Introduction 2
Population and Development: Theoretical Paradigms 3
  The Malthusian Theory 4
  The Marxist Theory 5
  Neo-malthusian Theory 7
Population and development-The Geopolitical angle: 9
Population and Development: Evolving a Consensus 13
  India and China-A Case Study 14
Conclusion 18
Bibliography 19


“The hungry world cannot be fed until and unless the growth of its resources and the growth of its population come into balance. Each man and woman-and each nation-must make decisions of conscience and policy in the face of this great problem.” This quote, by the American ex-President Lyndon Johnson, best summarizes the inter-linkage between population and development. In this hungry world we live in, facing food shortages and energy crises, the word ‘population’ itself is viewed with apprehension and the word ‘development’ with a sense of hope. However, are these two concepts fundamentally antagonistic? Does a growing population necessarily impede governance?   If so, what decisions of “conscience and policy” ought to be made to resolve the same?

India, let alone the rest of the world, is faced with what one might call a population crisis. With our population, our hunger has grown but not our means to satisfy it. Population and its inter-linkage with development has become a subject which requires serious study. This paper attempts to present such a study of the dynamics of population and development, examining the causal and consequential relationships these terms have towards each other and attempting to...