Political Situation

(1947 TO 1969)
Language Controversy
6. Soon after the creation of Pakistan language crises started in East Pakistan. East Pakistan had about 22% Hindus mostly associated with education. They polluted the minds of youth in school and colleges, as regards to Urdu being official language of both wings. Khawaja Nazim Uddin as Chief Minister of East Pakistan had promised that Bengali would be one of the official language of Pakistan and would request Centre to adopt it, but when he became Prime Minister after the death of Liaqat Ali Khan in October 51, didn’t uphold his promise. Agitation continued until Bengali was accepted as one of the state languages in 1954.
Constitution Making
7. First Constituent Assembly passed “Objective Resolution” in March 49. This resolution laid down the fundamental principles of future constitution. First interim report was presented on 28 September 50, which was subjected to severe criticism. After the assassination of Liaqat Ali Khan, Khawaja Nazim Ud Din became Prime Minister and Consolidated report of Basic Principle Committee (BPC) was presented in Constituent Assembly on 22 December 52.   This report too received severe criticism both from East and West Pakistan. East Pakistan rejected it because of the introduction of the system of parity and converting their majority into minority. This dead lock was ultimately resolved by dismissal of Khawaja Nazim-ud-din on 16 April 53. Muhammad Ali Bogra was appointed as new Prime Minister.
Muhammad Ali Bogra Formula
8. On 7 October 53 Prime Minister presented a compromise formula, which contained following recommendations: -
a. Central legislature to consist of two houses. The allocation of seats was to be as under: -
Unit     Upper House     Lower House   Total
(1) East Pakistan 10 165   175
(2) Punjab 10 75     85
(3) NWFP and Tribal 10 24     34
(4) Sind 10 19     29
(5) Balochistan 10 17     27
Total 50 300   350...