Peter and the Sifting

The last Passover meal Jesus has with his disciples takes place within the farewell speech (Luke 22:14-38).   Luke records Peter’s denial in a different way not found in the other Gospels.   However, there is a particular passage (22:31-34) that produces so many different questions dealing with Satan and how he tempts humans, along with the prayer Jesus prays for Peter and the apostles. What did Jesus pray for his disciples and Peter?   What are Satan’s limits?   Does he have to go before God every time to tempt humankind?   Can Satan specifically ask to sift certain individuals like Job or Peter?   These are possible questions one might have when reading Peter’s denial in Luke 22:31-34.
To grasp this passage, the background information of the text is vital.   The authorship of Luke is heavily debated.   Luke’s name does not appear until A.D. 175.  
The date of Luke is unknown being placed before A.D. 70 and after A.D. 70.   The genre of Luke is considered a Gospel narrative though has similarities to a historiography.   The letter is addressed to Theophilus; but after this fact the audience is unclear.
The passage of Peter’s denial can be broken down into two parts (22:31-32 & 22:33-34).   Jesus is desperately trying to grab Peter’s attention in verse thirty-one by calling him Simon.   Then, in verse thirty-two Jesus encourages Peter to strengthen his brothers when he has turned from his sin.   In verse thirty-three Peter assures Jesus that he will go to the grave with him.   The last verse, thirty-four, is the tragic prediction of Peter’s denial.   This paper now turns to a deeper look; a deeper look to fully understand the scripture through study and the background.

Background Information
Referred to as the Gospel of Luke it was not always known by that name, not until A.D. 175 does an actual name appear on this particular document.   In the beginning of Luke, one finds out that the author of this...