Perunthalaivar Kamarajar

Kamaraj was born on 15 July 1903 to Kumarasamy Nadar and Sivakami Ammaiar at Virudhu nagar in Tamil Nadu. His father, was a coconut merchant. Kamarajar was not a good student in school and dropped out when he was in the sixth grade.
The Jallianwala Bagh massacre was the   turning point in his life, and at this point he decided his aim was to fight for national freedom and to bring an end to foreign rule. In 1920, at the age of 18, he became active as a political worker and joined Congress as a full-time worker.
When he entered mainstream public life he felt handicapped and realized the importance of a good education. He educated himself during his periods of imprisonment and even learned English from his co-worker. Kamaraj was first jailed in June 1930 for two years in Alipore Jail, Calcutta, for participation in the "Salt Satyagraha" led by Rajagopalachari at Vedaranyam
Kamarajar’s political guru and inspiration was S. Satyamurti, orator and parliamentarian. Satyamurti was elected President of the Provincial Congress and he appointed Kamarajar as the General Secretary. On April 13, 1954, K. Kamarajar reluctantly became the Chief Minister of Madras.
The State made immense strides in education and trade. Kamarajar strove to eradicate illiteracy by introducing free and compulsory education upto eleventh standard. He introduced the Midday Meals Scheme to provide at least one meal per day to the lakhs of poor children. He introduced free school uniforms to weed out caste, creed and class distinctions among young minds.
Kamarajar remained Chief Minister for three consecutive terms. On October 2, 1963, he resigned to serve a greater purpose. Kamarajar was elected President, Indian National Congress, on October 9, 1963. Twice he played a leading role in choosing the Prime Minister of India.
He did his duty boldly and patiently without discourage. He listened to the views of the opposite parties. He easily solved the political problems. He...

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