Personality Theories

Personality Theories



Janis White

University of Phoenix

      The reason behind each person’s behavior is through their qualities and characteristics

that make them who they are. This combination of qualities and characteristics is called

personality. Personality forms each person’s notable disposition or character. The science of

psychology has different theories on how personality is measured in each person. The

measurement of personality can be explained through multiple theories from different

psychologists named Freud, Jung, Rodgers, and Maslow. These four psychologists each have

their own ideas to figure out where personality comes from. Comparing these four psychologists

point of view will help in the further understanding of personality. Humanistic psychology was

founded by Abraham Maslow and Carl Rodgers in the 1900’s. Humanistic psychology focuses

on positive mental health, and the   know how that each person has to grow from within

themselves through their qualities and strength. Maslow and Rodgers created a theory called self-

actualization. Self-actualization is defined as, “the process of establishing oneself as a whole

person, able to develop one’s abilities and to understand oneself” (

Both Maslow and Rodgers used self-actualization but, each of them took a different

approach. Abraham Maslow (1908-1970) was an American psychologist who performed a lot of

research on the workings of the mind. Using the humanistic approach of psychology, Maslow

created the Hierarchy of Needs Pyramid which was a way to measure needs of a person through

a pyramid scale. A person would start from the bottom need which was called the psychological

needs. The second level was called the safety needs. The third level was called the love and

belonging needs. The fourth level was called the esteem needs....