Past and Present

Running Head: African American Struggle 1

African American Struggle
Demetria Landry
HIS204 American History Since 1865
Kathryn Johnson
June 11, 2012

African American Struggles 2

    Today class I am going to discuss how African Americans worked to end segregation, discrimination, and isolation to attain equality and civil rights. African Americans did this by taking a standing against discrimination while they served in the military, going through the legal system, women sitting on buses, ministers from southern black churches, militants from black power organizations, and youth from colleges who would shaped the successful struggle toward black equality in America. Some of the people that influenced the ending of segregation, discrimination, and isolation were Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Rosa Parks, and Thurgood Marshall. During this time there were different periods that helped to end segregation, discrimination, and isolation.
    The first period was the Reconstruction Period from 1865 to 1877 where President Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 which took the steps toward freeing the slaves, but it was the Thirteenth Amendment that actually freed the slaves which gave them the right to vote and citizenship. During the Reconstruction Period a black code was formed where African Americans could get married. With the increase of the black codes the Fourteenth amendment was formed where it granted African Americans citizenship where ex-slaves were allowed to become citizens in the state that they lived in.
    Secondly was the pivotal period from 1900 to 1920. In this period Booker T. Washington was one of the people that influenced African Americans to advocate their career paths which lead African Americans to agricultural and industrial trades. He also encouraged African Americans to use white middle class standards to overcome racism.  
African American Struggle 3
He also formed his own...