Paradoxical Thinking

Synopsis of Paradoxical thinking
Group D
MGT 605 - Organization Management and Leadership
                                                      National University
August 2, 2015
Iraj Mahdavi, Ph.D.

Table Of Contents
I. | Introduction/ Definition                |   3 |
II. |   A Company That Demonstrates Paradoxical   Thinking    | 4 |
III. | Can Paradoxical Thinking be Learned |   6 |
IV. | Paradoxical Thinking, One of Eight Skills Related to Intelligence |   7 |
V. | Summary |   9 |
VI. | Bibliography | 11 |
VII. | Appendix A | 12 |
VIII. | Appendix B | 13 |

Introduction / Definition
Paradoxical thinking is the ability to see beyond black and white, yes or no, situations. It is the ability to hold two ideas that seem in contradiction to each other, and know that they are both interrelated and will affect one another. It is hard to define anything as right or wrong, everything is never just black or white. There are always many perspectives for one scenario, and any scenario is an array of many circumstances. To be successful, organizations must use paradoxical thinking to be able to address competing variables in order to find a balance that will be effective for the given environment, situation, and stakeholders involved. An example of a paradox thinking is that of trying to increase market shares and quality, yet at the same time trying to cut costs. While at first glance, these goals may seem contradictory, through paradoxical thinking, an effective balance can be obtained between them. The following quote explains paradoxical thinking.
The test of a first rate intelligence is the ability to hold two opposite ideas in mind at the same time and still retain the ability to function.   - F.Scott Fitzgerald ( LLC, 2014)
The contradictory method of paradoxical thinking is the conventional way of thinking known as “Cause and effect” thinking, which is still being taught in almost all colleges and Universities.
Cause and effect...