Outside Reading #1

The Evolution of Slavery in Colonial America
The essay, written by Jon Butler, explains the evolution of slavery in colonial America. Slavery was exceptional amid the British in the 1680s, until the eighteenth century came around. In the beginning, indentured servants consisted of more than ninety percent of the labor force whereas African slaves only made up about five percent of the population. After the 1680s, indentured servants declined as the demand for labor in colonies augmented. Around the time eighteenth century began, Africans surpassed indentured servants by a ratio of at least six to one. Also, Africans became easier to get hold of and slave trading started from 1680 to the 1740s. African slaves experienced horrible stuff while coming to America. Their whole lives were centered on capture, enslavement, and coercion. Africans led to the decline of indentured servants, as well as Indians. The evolution of slavery in the New World began during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries because of economic reasons such as why African slaves were more advantageous, conveniences such as how the slaves impacted the colonies, and legislators felt slaves needed more taming.
After the 1680s, British and European indentured servants started to decline because the colonial demand for labor started to increase greatly. The African slaves became easier to obtain and got the slave trade to exploit the market in the colonies. Enslaved Africans became easily available from the Spanish, French, and Dutch traders. African slaves became more advantageous than indentured servants because they provided laborers that even European immigrant could not supply, they enhanced their qualms that indentured servants created, and they offered lifetime service whereas indentured servants completed their work in three to four years.   Indian slavery was presented during the mid seventeenth century but it never prospered like the African slavery did. African slaves soon outnumbered the...