Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts

Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts


May 31, 2011
John Anderson

In this paper this writer will discuss the meaning of Organizational Culture, Organizational Behavior, Diversity, and Communication.   The writer will also provide a brief analysis of the culture and behavior of an organization with which the writer if familiar.

What is organizational behavior?   Organizational behavior is the study of individuals and groups in organizations (Schermerhorn, Hunt & Osborn, 2008).   What does organizational behavior study? It studies three determinants of behavior in organizations: individuals, groups, and structure (Robbins & Judge, 2009).   Organizational behavior uses the information received from individuals and groups to make organizations work for effectively.

      What is organizational culture?   Organizational culture is a system of shared meaning held by members that distinguishes the organization from other organizations (Robbins & Judge, 2009).   There are three main types of organizational culture:   constructive culture, passive/defensive culture, and aggressive/defensive culture (Schermerhorn, Hunt & Osborn, 2008).   Studies show that employees working in a constructive culture tend to work with greater motivation, satisfaction, teamwork, and performance (Schermerhorn, Hunt & Osborn, 2008).   In a passive/defensive and aggressive/defensive culture, motivation tends to be lower and work attitudes less positive (Schermerhorn, Hunt & Osborn, 2008).

      What is diversity?   Diversity relates to differences among people.   These differences can be racial, age, gender, ethnicity, or racial.   Diversity comprises key demographic differences among members of a given workforce, including gender, race and ethnicity, age, and able-bodiedness.   Sometimes they also encompass other factors, such as marital status, parental status, and religion (Schermerhorn, Hunt & Osborn, 2008).
      What is communication?   Communication (n) is 1. a...