Organization and Behaviour

Unit 3: Organisations and Behaviour
Learning outcomes
Explore organizational structure and culture
Examine different approaches to management and leadership and theories of
Examine the relationship between motivational theories
Demonstrate an understanding of working with others, teamwork, groups and group
Assessment criteria
1.1 Compare and contrast different organisational structures and culture
1.2 Analyse the relationship between an organisations structure and culture and the effects on
business performance
1.3 Analyse the factors which influence individual behavior at work
Organisations and Behaviour
OB: The study of human behavior, attitudes, and performance in organizations.
Value of OB: Helps people attain the competencies needed to become effective
employees, team leaders/members, or managers
Competency : an interrelated set of abilities, behaviors, attitudes, and knowledge
needed by an individual to be effective in most professional and managerial
Organisation Structures
All businesses have to organise what they do
A clear structure makes it easier to see which part of the business does what
There are many ways to structure a business
Types of Organisations
Product based
Geographically based
Hierarchical structure
Organisation employees are ranked at various levels within the organisation
Each level is one above the other
At each stage in the chain, one person has a number of workers directly under them,
within their span of control

Compiled by Mr. Vinay @ OCL

Tall hierarchical organisation has many levels
Flat hierarchical organisation only has few levels
Functional - people according to the function they perform in their professional life
or according to the functions performed by them in the organization.
Divisional - is based on the different divisions in the organization
Product - is based on...