Organisation and Behaviour

(P5)Task 5:Choose two organisational theories (e.g. scientific management and human relations theory) and explain their influence upon the practice of management.

Define management

Management is the act of getting people together to accomplish desired goals and objectives using available resources efficiently and effectively. Since organizations can be viewed as systems, management can also be defined as human action, including design, to facilitate the production of useful outcomes from a system. This view opens the opportunity to manage oneself, a pre-requisite to attempting to manage others.

Source: Boundless. “Definition of Management.” Boundless Business. Boundless, 21 Jul. 2015. Retrieved 24 Nov. 2015 from

List the different management / organisation theories

There are several theories which explain the organization and its structure;
Classical organization theory includes the scientific management approach,Weber's bureaucratic approach, and administrative theory.
Weber's bureaucratic approach considers the organization as a part of broader society. The organization is based on the principles of:
predictability and stability;
rationality; and
The scientific management approach is based on the concept of planning of work to achieve efficiency, standardization, specialization and simplification. The approach to increased productivity is through mutual trust between management and workers. Taylor (1947) proposed four principles of scientific management:
science, not rule-of-thumb;
scientific selection of the worker;
management and labour cooperation rather than conflict; and
scientific training of workers
Administrative theory was propounded by Henry Fayol and is based on several principles of management (EXHIBIT 4). In addition, management was...