Operation in Afghanistan


SUBJECT:   Operation in Afghanistan  

ISSUE:   The state of multinational operations in Afghanistan (AFG) after 2014.
After 2014 will NATO continue in AFG or is it more likely to shift to a coalition of the willing and why?                
Most members of NATO have vital interests to continue their presence in Afghanistan well beyond 2014 if conditions on the ground are not secure and the capabilities of the Taliban and Al-Qaeda is defeated.   The creditability and the future of NATOs involvements in future operations could face challenges if members of NATO decide to leave before the Afghanistan forces are able to provide reasonable security.   The initial NATO forces in Afghanistan in 2003 was originally 5,000 troops but eventually grew to 130,000 troops after political pressure and promises of financial support by the United States and other members of NATO.   Even those increase political pressure and guaranteed financial aid led to some nations willingness to provide troops, one underlining factor was the type of missions those nations were willing to perform.   Most apprehensive nations normally executed medical assistance missions, security missions and/or training the Afghan Security Forces because they saw these as safe missions.   Although these missions are considers somewhat safer than conventional war, however, when executing a war against terrorism nothing is safe.   As we approach 2014, you will see those nations who were apprehensive at first to commit troops; start to withdraw because of increase casualties to include other factors.   These nations will not abandon their committed to NATO, but they will seek more supporting roles. There are several examples of nation shifting to supporting roles and I will highlight are Spain, Denmark and Canada.   The Spanish Soldiers involved in Afghanistan were constrained by limitation.   A mandate issued by the Spanish Parliament does not allow Spanish forces neither to engage Taliban...