Obesity in Adult

Obesity in adults
Public health is about promoting, protecting and wellbeing, preventing ill health as well as prolonging people’s lives (www.walthamforestccg.nhs .uk).
Obesity levels in England have trebled in the past 20 years, leaving about 24 million adults in the United Kingdom overweight or obese (Department of Health (DH), 2003).
Overweight and obesity are defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as abnormal or excessive fat build-up that presents a risk to an individual’s health.   Obesity has in the last decade become a global problem.   According to the World Health Organisation (WHO) back in 2005 approximately 1.6 billion adults over the age of 15+ were overweight, at least 400 million adults were obese and at least 20 million children under the age of 5 were overweight worldwide.   It also states that experts believe that if the present-day trend continues, by 2015 approximately 2.3 billion adults will be overweight and more than 700 million adults will be obese.
Obesity poses one of the most severe and complex health challenges faced by the United Kingdom, Europe and most of the rest of the world.   Obesity increases an individual possibility of developing a number of diseases including:
  * Type 2 diabetes (adult onset)
  * High blood pressure (hypertension)
  * Stroke (cerebrovascular accident or CVA)
  * Heart attack (myocardial infarction or MI)
  * Heart failure (congestive heart failure)
  * Gout or gouty arthritis
  * Cancer (certain forms such as the cancer of the prostate, cancer of the colon and rectum).
  * Osteoarthritis (degenerative arthritis) of the knees, hip, and the lower back. Gall stones and gall bladder disease (cholecystitis)
  * Sleep apnoea (failure to breath normally during sleep, lowering blood oxygen).
A person is measured to be obese if they are more than 20 percent over their ideal weight.   That ideal weight must take into account the person’s height, age, sex and build. Body mass...