Nvq Level 2 Unit 4222-205

1.1 & 1.2

Physical Abuse
One or more episodes of aggressive behaviour, usually resulting in physical injury with possible damage to internal organs, sense organs, the central nervous system, or the musculoskeletal system of another person.


• Cuts
• Bruises
• Burns
• Grip marks
• Black eyes
• Unusual pattern or location of injury
Sign Not So Easy To Identify
• Fearfulness
• Depression
• Anxiety
• Withdrawal from regular activities and social contact

Sexual Abuse
Also referred to as molestation, is the forcing of undesired sexual behaviour by one person upon another. When that force is immediate, of short duration, or infrequent, it is called sexual assault. The offender is referred to as a sexual abuser or (often pejoratively) molester. The term also covers any behavior by any adult towards a child to stimulate either the adult or child sexually. When the victim is younger than the age of consent, it is referred to as child sexual abuse.


There are various lists of possible physical and behavioural indicators of child sexual abuse, some of which are:
Waking up during the night sweating, screaming or shaking with nightmares.
Masturbating excessively.
Showing unusually aggressive behaviour toward family members, friends, toys, and pets.
Complaining of pain while urinating or having a bowel movement, or exhibiting symptoms of genital infections such as offensive odours, or symptoms of a sexually transmitted disease.
Having symptoms indicating evidence of physical traumas to the genital or anal area.
Beginning wetting the bed.
Experiencing a loss of appetite or other eating problems, including unexplained gagging.
Showing unusual fear of a certain place or location.
Developing frequent unexplained health problems.
Engaging in persistent sexual play with friends, toys or pets.
Having unexplained periods of panic, which may be flashbacks from the abuse.