Nvq Level 2 Hsc2024

1.a)the surface layer of the skin is the epidermis.It has no blood vessels and it is regenerating every 4 to 6 weeks.After that it is the dermis wich contains very small blood vessels.pain touch receptors,hair follicles and the las layer of skin is subcutaneous and is formed of fatty tissue.
b)pressure sites on the body are located on the back of the head,shoulders,elbows,buttocks,heels,hips,toes,knees.c
c)An individual might be at risk of skin breakdown or sores due to different factors:old age,bigger weight puts more pressure on the skin,urine and faeces lead to weakening the skin,poor mobility or reduced sensation or no sensation at all on given areas.
d)moving someone in bed or turning them without using slide sheet or the proper position can cause skin tare,being kept too long on one side can lead to pressure sores,not being changed regularly can lead to skin damage.
e)we can reduce the risk of skin damage by regularly changing position regular toileting,applying cream where skin is dry.
f)we must report if the skin present a pressure area or if the skin gets to dry,or the person has a severe continence problem and the skin is at risk of breaking down.
2.a)Health and social care act 2008
Mental capacity act 2005
N.I.C.E. The national institute of clinical excellence
R.C.N The royal college of nurse
The European pressure ulcer advisory panel
The care quality commission safeguradin adults:protocol and guidance
b)Agreed ways of working related to pressure area care are putting in place turn charts,using the correct ways and equipment for moving and handling,
c)Team working is importand because if someone observ that the skin on someones heels present traces of pressure sore and does not report it than the pressure sore get worse.it must pe properly handed over at the end of the shift if any areas have been suspected of pressure sore.
3.a)It is very important to follow the agreed care plan because in it we have all the information regarding the...