Application of the Data/Information/Knowledge/Wisdom Continuum
The American Nurses Association (2015) defines nursing informatics as a field that incorporates information science, nursing science and computer science to communicate and control data, information, knowledge and wisdom. The use of data, information, knowledge and wisdom, is needed for the maintenance of nursing and informatics to ensure the provision of quality health care. In nursing research, it is necessary to sort out data into valid information and to transfer this information into knowledge and then lastly transform this knowledge to wisdom (Laureate Education, Inc. 2012a). The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate how a practitioner can sort data, information and knowledge to acquire wisdom by developing a research question.
The research question is will be formed based on a case study of a patient, Elias Mathews. Mathews is a patient admitted with diabetes mellitus at Fond County Hospital. Later, he acquires nosocomial pneumonia after staying a few days in the hospital. The patient has no problem with taking medication, but he displays low hand hygiene levels such as poor adherence to hand hygiene protocol (Khan, Ahmad, 2015). The clinical research question that is developed from the case study was whether there was a connection between the levels of hand hygiene and the spread of nosocomial infections?
From my experiences as a nurse practitioner, I have learnt that washing hands is one of the recommended behaviors of maintaining hygiene. Infections and pathogens that are found on the hands are one of the common means of transmission between patients.   According to Khan, Ahmad, (2015), nosocomial infections are spread through contact from patient to patient through the hands of a health care worker.
To answer my clinical question, I would need more background information to this case. This include, hand hygiene adherence rates, statistical analysis on the rates of...