Nursing Leadership


Leadership is a process in which an individual who have capabilities to influence the members of the group towards achieving the aims and objectives of the group. Yukl (1989) defines leadership as a process whereby an individual influences members of the group to achieve a particular goal or group of organizations.

  In other words, leadership is associated with the effect, in which a leader influences their followers to changing attitudes and behavior. Leaders can encourage individual and group capacity to comply voluntarily without pressure and coercion. Leaders are not merely those who control others, but they act as visionaries who help employees to plan, lead, control, and organize their activities (Jooste, 2004). Thus, the present of leaders is to create and manage change while the duties of a manager are to implement the strategy formulated by the leaders.   As underline by Kotter (1990) where leadership is about creating change and management is about controlling and directing.

In nursing leadership is recognized that a nurses who have leadership capabilities that can increase the motivation of other members in the work environment.   Mahoney (2001) mention that a several important functions of a nurse leader are acting as a role model, collaboration to provide optimum care, provision of information and support, providing care based on theory and research, and being an advocate for patients and the health care organization. This effect will helps nurses had a positive attitudes about their work and more responsibility and effective in the daily task, able to treat other staff member and patient with respect and be able to reach personal goals and objectives. The responsibility as a leader in the nursing field is to understanding the needs of followers, able to encourage staff to empathize with the patient and provide the best care for the well being and progress in health. This able to...