New Testament- There are 5 divisions in the N.T. Gospels- Most of the info available about Jesus, historical info, teachings, parables, miracles. Mark- Probably written about 70 C.E by Mark in Rome, main themes focus on the Messiah. Matthew- Written by Matthew in approx 85 C.E. most likely written when he was in Antioch (Syria), written for Christians of Jewish background. Emphasis on the old testament. Luke- written for Christians of a non Jewish background. John- More theological and symbolic reflection on the deeper meaning of Jesus.
The Great Schism, formally divided the State church of the Roman Empire into Eastern (Greek) and Western (Latin) branches, which later became known as the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church. It was made official in 1054 C.E.
Reformation- A further split occurred within the Roman Catholic church in the 16th century. This led to the establishment of a variety of new Christian groups. The split occurred on the basis of doctrinal differences. It led to a renewed effort to search the bible for doctrines and beliefs, new ways of expression of faith within the new various Christian groups.
Anglicanism- Emerged from the Catholic church in the 16th century. It was heavily influenced by Martin Luther. Two strands, Evangelical and Ango-Catholic.
Catholicism- Catholic's recognise the Pope as their head on earth. They believe Jesus is physically present in the bread and wine.
Orthodoxy- They use icons in their worship. Only males can become priests, married priests cant become bishops. Greek was the first language.
Pentecostalism- Took shape in early 20th century in the U.S.A. Sought to restore the 'gifts of the holy spirit'.
Protestantism- Based on the principles on acceptance of the principles of the reformation. They consider the bible as the only source of revealed truth.
Jesus as a model for Christian life- His teachings contain Christian ethics that apply to Christian behaviour. Lived a life that they should...