No Child Left Behind 2001

No Child Left Behind Act of 2001

No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001, in January 2002 President Bush signed a reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) of 1965 the Ninth revision that was deemed as the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act.   The reauthorization came about due in part to massive criticism of the effectiveness of public schools and the quality of education our youth were receiving.   The Act increased federal pressure on all states to search for a base standard and to restructure the academic agenda. This means that the academic standards must be raised for all students to a competitive level.   To reach this goal support will be provided to help students and schools meet those standards.   Local schools will have increased flexibility and greater accountability of the results of their student’s performance on standardized tests.
President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) of 1965.   The ESEA was the first attempt of the federal government to legislate education law.   The Act provides sizeable budgetary funds for kindergarten through twelfth grade education.   The Act called for educator's professional development and instructional materials as well as resources to support educational programs, and promotes parental involvement.   According to the National Education Association Website, "the ESEA is [the] government's single largest investment in elementary and secondary education".   The act was originally authorized through 1970; however the government has reauthorized the ESEA every five years since its enactments.   As a result of the reauthorizations, the act has undergone numerous name changes and presidencies.   However, the basic premise of the law still stands today; it "provides targeted resources to help ensure that disadvantaged students have access to a quality public education" (NEA, 2002).
Commissioner of Education, Francis Keppel, an Educator, first constructed and...