New Deal Policy

The Second New Deal: 1935–1938
1934 Indian Reorganization Act (IRA)
1935 Works Progress Administration (WPA) National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act) Social Security Act
1936 Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act Roosevelt is reelected
1937 United States Housing Authority (USHA)
1938 Second Agricultural Adjustment Act Fair Labor Standards Act
Key People
Franklin Delano Roosevelt -   32nd U.S. president; reelected in1936; brought Second New Deal programs and policy through Congress
Huey P. Long -   Louisiana senator who criticized New Deal for not doing enough to help American people; was assassinated before he could seriously challenge Roosevelt
Father Charles Coughlin -   Catholic priest in Michigan and outspoken New Deal critic; blamed Crash of 1929 on wealthy financiers and Jews; wanted federal government to take over entire banking system
Alfred M. Landon -   Kansas governor who ran against FDR on anti–New Deal Republican ticket in election of 1936
The Second New Deal
The Second New Deal—the legislation that Roosevelt and Congress passed between 1935 and 1938—was strikingly different from the First New Deal in certain ways. Perhaps most important, the Second New Deal legislation relied more heavily on the Keynesian style of deficit spending than the First New Deal did. Roosevelt altered his policy making in part because of complaints from critics and in part because, by 1935, it was clear that more Americans still needed federal relief assistance. Roosevelt thus aimed approximately half the Second New Deal programs and policies at long-term reform.
New Deal Critics

Predictably, Roosevelt’s New Deal came under attack from the right, from Republicans, conservative Democrats, bankers, and Wall Street financiers who claimed that it doled out too many federal handouts. Many of these critics also feared that the policy and programs involved were a dangerous step toward socialism and the destruction of the American capitalist system. Such...