Ncfe Supporting Teaching and Learning in Schools Level 3

The Structure of Education from Early Years to Post-Compulsory Education

Question 1a)
In the United Kingdom there are provisions for education of children, between the ages of 3 - 18.

Early years education in the UK, is aimed at children between the ages of 3-7. What is taught and to what age range varies, depending on where in the UK the child lives.

England: Children follow the Early Years Foundation Stage curriculum (EYFS) between the ages of 3 - 5 years.
Wales: Children follow the Early Years Foundation Phase (which also includes Key Stage 1 of the   National Curriculum). It is taught between the ages of 3 - 7 years.
Scotland: Children follow the Curriculum for Excellence (Scottish Curriculum) which teaches the early years phase alongside the early primary phase. Children only move on to the primary phase when they are ready. This covers children between the ages of 3 - 7 years.
Northern Ireland: Children follow the Foundation Stage from the age of 5 and throughout Years 1 and 2.

Children are entitled to 15 hours of free nursery place from the term following their third birthday, until they reach statutory school age. The childcare place must be provided by an approved childcare provider such as nurseries, pre-schools, registered schools and childminders. The provider must be registered with Ofsted.

In England the EYFS is delivered through games and play. Although there are certain benchmarks that children are expected to reach, these are assessed via observations, as opposed to testing such young children. Teachers and Classroom Assistants work with the children, using planned and focused activities to enable them to teach the specific areas of the EYFS. The main emphasis is on equipping the children with a broad range of knowledge and skills that provide the right foundation for good future progress through school and life.