Essay question 1: The nature of the crime
A crime is defined as an action or omission that constitutes an offense that may be prosecuted by the state and is punishable by law. Crime prevention is more effective than dealing with a criminal act itself. This is mainly because it uses less resources as well as not going through legal processes as less crimes are done resulting in more money for the courts.
Crime prevention is divided into two different types: situational crime prevention and social crime prevention. Situational crime prevention increases the risk of getting caught making it more difficult to commit. For example surveillance cameras and security guards are a form of situational crime prevention as it increases the chance of being caught resulting in deterrence for many would be offenders. Social crime prevention aims to educate people to reduce the factors that cause people to commit crimes. Factors that influence people to commit crimes are for example poor parenting or bad environment, drug addiction or early influences to criminal behaviour. Programs have been set up to educate mostly young children that involve activities as it has been long thought that once children go to jail when they come out they are better criminals. Examples of this are in sporting groups, the Police Citizens youth clubs and drop-in centres. These programs aim to reduce levels of unemployment, acts of violence as well as substance abuse. Crime prevention is very effective in this day and age as many people try and find the opportunity to cause misconduct for their own enjoyment. As a result police officers have become more aware constantly on the watch such as in public places such as trains, buses, and airports. With more and more surveillance technology being installed, offenders are slowly deterring away from crimes as punishments increase to stop crime completely.
There are two types of crimes classified indictable and summary offences. Indictable offences are...