N.S.A. Spying

George E. Silva
Bus311: Business Law
Rob Paixao
June 16, 2014

On June 5, 2013, the British newspaper The Guardian published the first of a series of articles based on unauthorized disclosures of classified documents by Edward Snowden, a contractor for the National Security Agency (NSA). The article described an NSA program to collect millions of telephone records, including records about purely domestic calls. Over the course of the next several days, there were additional articles regarding this program as well as another NSA program referred to in leaked documents as “PRISM.”(Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board, 2014)
The NSA surveillance program has been lauded for its ability to prevent terrorist attacks, but criticized for invading the privacy of Americans. “In the wake of the terrorist acts of war of September 11, 2001, the Bush Administration, through the NSA, began a program of intercepting electronic communications between persons inside and outside of the United States when at least one party to the conversation was suspected of having terrorist connections” (Lawson, G.1996, p. 377).
As soon as the attacks were over, the Bush Administration started to draw up legislation to make sure that this event would not happen again because of the ineptness of all the secret departments that are supposed to keep track of this sort of tragedy from ever happening. Basically, all of the secret spy agencies did not share information amongst one another. They kept it all to themselves and the results ended up with this attack on American soil. The element of sharing was missing and the Bush Administration was going to make sure this never happened again.
On October 26, 2001 President George W. Bush signed the Patriot Act, an anti-terrorism law drawn up in response to the attacks on the Pentagon and World Trade Center on September 11, 2001. The USA Patriot Act, (Dept. of Justice, 2001) as it is officially known, is an acronym...