Mt. Kilauea Volcano

Instructor: Shiloh Howland
Phone: 801-609-8410
G245/GLY1000 Section 03 Introduction to Geology
Online - 2016 Summer Quarter

Mount Kilauea is the most famous volcano in Hawaii. It resides in southeast area of Mauna Loa. This volcano has one of the biggest craters of all, consisting of 3,646 feet deep. It has an 8 mile circumference and is encompassed entirely by an enormous wall of volcanic rock 200 to 500 ft high. Kilauea is a low and flat shielded volcano that rises only about 1,247 meters above sea level. Till this date, Kilauea is the most active and the most visited volcano in the world. Known as one of the youngest volcano’s in Hawaii. It has a lava level of 740 ft.
The islands of Hawaii are composed of five different volcanoes, three of which have been active for the past two hundred years. Kilauea's latest eruption still continues as of today. Mauna Loa's latest activity was in 1984 and Hualalai's in 1800-1801, but is due to erupt again within the next one hundred years. East Maui also known as Haleakala, is said to be one of the oldest volcanoes, and also has one of the longest eruptive histories and with recent activity indicating that the volcano may erupt in the near future. Lastly, there is the Loihi Seamount, sometimes referred to as the "youngest volcano” it’s an undersea mountain that is still active. Scientists now believe that the hot spots lie within the ocean, deep beneath the volcano. These hot spots spew out of molten rock that rises to the water's surface and hardens. After doing this for such a long time, the hardened lava forms an island, like the Hawaiian Islands.
The U.S. Geological Observatory monitors all activity of Kilauea, for example-movement of lava flows, earthquakes, surface deformation, and gas productions are all closely monitored. Kilauea has been monitored for a really long time, making it one of the better-studied volcanoes, and yet there is still so much we don't understand about the inner workings of...