Move and Position Individuals in Accordance with Their Plan of Care

1.1 The anatomy and physiology of the human body in relation to the importance of correct moving and positioning of individuals. The spine is made up of individual bones and In between the bones there are joints that connect these together. A ligament connects bone to support joints. If the worker does not move an individual correctly it can cause ligaments to sprain. This is why individuals must never be dragged when being moved as it can cause joints to over stretch and then sprain the ligaments. The Muscles in our body work by the fibres they contain contracting; this makes the muscle shrink. When the muscle shrinks it pulls on the tendon and then on the bone to which it is attached. All the muscles are connected to bones by tendons. When an individual is moved and positioned it is important that this happens smoothly because sudden movements or pulling in any direction of an individual’s limbs or body can cause pulled muscles or tear tendons which can cause pain. In our bodies our bones in our limbs are covered with tissue so by Putting pressure on an individual’s hand or arm when they are moving can cause a bone to fracture.  
1.2 The impact of specific conditions on the correct movement and positioning of an individual are when working with individuals with different conditions this affects how they are supported in order to move and change positions for example,   individual with dementia is confused might not understand what we are saying and when supporting them to move so we have to show the individual by doing different actions and take time. Individuals with arthritis have to be supported to move more gently as they may be in a lot of pain and by positioning or moving them may be uncomfortable and an individual that has had a stroke might have one arm or leg stronger than the other so you need to be aware when weight bearing or moving so as to avoid putting pressure on the weak side.
2.1 The legislation   are the Management of Health and Safety at...