Move and Position Individuals in Accordance to Their Care Plan

1 Understand anatomy and physiology in relation to moving and positioning individuals
Anatomy and physiology of the human body: requirements eg working understanding of how muscles attach to skeleton, healthy joints workings eg how a muscle contracts, pairs of muscles move antagonistically, muscles can become slack through lack of use and make movement difficult or painful; types of joints and how they work eg hinge joints, pivot joints, saddle joints, ellipsoidal joints, gliding joints, ball and socket joints; how the arm moves; how the knee moves; how the spine works eg cervical, thoracic, lumber, sacral and coccyx vertebrae, inter-vertebral discs, prolapsed discs Impact of specific conditions: physical eg impairment to eye sight, hearing, speech, in pain, pressure sores, spasm/epilepsy, history of falls; psychological eg confused, aggressive, fully cooperative, unable to understand or help, agitated, disturbed or excitable which may make manual handling difficult; attachments eg IV lines, catheter, oxygen therapy
2 Understand legislation and agreed ways of working when moving and positioning individuals:
How legislation and agreed ways of working affect working practices: range eg current, local, UK and European legislation affecting procedures and practice including: Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 (England, Wales, and Scotland) Health and Safety at Work (Northern Ireland) order 1978, Lifting operations and lifting Equipment Regulation (1998) – LOLER, The Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992, Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 (as amended 2004), Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR) 1995, Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations (PUWER) 1998, Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations (MHSWR) 1999; Disability Discrimination Act (1995), Human Rights Act (1998), codes of practice and conduct, standards and guidance relevant to the individual's role, responsibilities and...