Modernity and Postmodernity




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      Typically, modernity refers to post-medieval period of history, post-traditional, a period marked by a shift from feudalism to; capitalism, rationalization, industrialization and other forms of surveillance. Modernity is believed to have started in the 17th century and was characterized by massive migration of people from local communities to urban settings. This period was later replaced by postmodernity in the late 20th century. Postmodernity on the other hand is used in describing the cultural and economic state of the society that exists after modernity and as stated above it set in the late 20th century. These are two distinct periods with each having its own characteristics with some similarities to one another and also diverse contrasts. This paper therefore will go further to discuss these features for the two periods but it will mainly focus of the major similarities and differences between them.

Similarities between Modernity and Postmodernity

      In reference to the economy, both postmodernity and modernity are majorly concerned with industrialization and capitalism as argued by (Heaphy 2007). To be specific, postmodernity covers the post -industrial times and late capitalism and the modernity features machinery and factories alongside with industrialization which is the major axis of modernity. In this case, both periods aim at a common goal of achieving capitalism and industrialization.

As suggested by (Kumar & Plummer 2002), both periods i.e. modernity and post modernity provide for a variety of new freedoms. For instance, postmodernity provides for a great number of possibilities where for example if a person wants to own a nuclear family, attend church services every week, cohabit   a partner of the same sex or even reject religion itself, he is free to do it. This is the same case that was...