Modern History

The effect of Nazism on the population of Germany
1933 - 1939


Hitler's rise to power was based upon long-term factors; bitter anger from the German people, the weakness of the Weimar system, which he exploited through propaganda, the terror of his storm troopers, and the inspiring speeches he made.[8]

During the 'roaring twenties' (the period that emphasizes the social, artistic, and cultural vigour), Germans ignored this vicious little man with his programme of hatred. But when the Great Depression ruined their lives, and the Weimar system was failing, they voted for him in increasing numbers. [6]Needing support, and thinking he could control Hitler, President Hindenburg made the mistake in January 1933 of giving Hitler the post of Chancellor.
Women in Nazi Germany
During the Weimar Republic, before the Nazi, women had been give absolute equality with men, they had the right to vote, and hold public office. There were female members of parliament than any other European country. [1]

When the Nazi party came to power, this was changed. The Nazis saw the role of women as confined to the role of family and motherhood.[6] Hence their role in public life was restricted to satisfy this view.   As a result, women excluded from political life. No women held any high position in the Nazi party and their membership was limited.

To discourage women from working, married women were discriminated against in the work force and 800 000 left the labour market from 1933 to 1935. Also Women were forbidden to do law and admission of women to universities was also drastically cut. [2]
Soon marrying and producing children were encouraged by different means; for example, given the married couple a loan, then cancelling one quarter of the loan on the birth of each child. As a result, the German birth rate increased dramatically.[1]

But by the late 1930’s, the Nazis were forced to reverse this policy due to the rearmament program and Germany’s...