Modeling and Role Modeling


Helen C. Erickson
Evelyn M. Tomlin
Mary Ann P. Swain

Submitted by:
Eujane Marie Hadeel M. UNgab

Submitted to:
Dr. Jill Marie Hermogenes

Helen C. Erickson
      - Received a diploma from Saginaw General Hospital, Saginaw, Michigan
      - Although retired, Erickson continues to be actively involved in the promotion of holistic nursing and in the Society for the Advancement of Modeling and Role-Modeling

Evelyn M. Tomlin
      - Received her Bachelor of Science in Nursing from the University of Southern California and a Master of Science in Psychiatric Nursing from the University of Michigan
      - Had varied professional experiences such as being a clinical instructor, English teacher and school nurse
      - Identifies herself as a Christian in retirement for nursing pay, but not from nursing practice

Mary Ann P. Swain
      - Received her Bachelor of Arts degree in psychology from DePauw University in Greencastle, Indiana, and her Master of Science and doctoral degrees from the University of Michigan
      - Helped Erickson publish a model that assessed an individual’s potential to mobilize resources and to adapt to stress, which is significant to the Modeling and Role-Modeling theory

Theoretical Sources:
      - The authors used Maslow’s theory of human needs to label and articulate their personal observations that “all people want to be the best that they can possibly be; unmet basic needs interfere with holistic growth whereas satisfied needs promote growth”.

      - Piaget’s theory of cognitive development provides a framework for understanding the development of thinking.

      - Integration of Erik Erikson’s work on the stages of psychosocial development through the life span provides a theoretical basis for understanding the psychosocial evolution of the individual.

      - The works of Winnicott, Klein, Mahler, and Bowlby on object attachment...