Mixed Methods

Research Problem: State the research problem or issue in the study.
This study aimed to inform the redesign of sex education policy in Chiang Mai, Thailand by exploring the knowledge and attitudes of teenagers, parents, teachers, and policy makers and placing these in the wider social, cultural, educational, and economic context of modern-day Thailand.

Why was a Mixed Methods Research Design Chosen?
A flexible design was need for the research.   Although a qualitative design was chosen for the main study, quantitative data about the topics taught in school and the sexual health knowledge of adolescents was needed to explain what, if any, intervention programs had been implemented.   Therefore numerical data was needed.  
Although the mixed methods design had been used in sexual health studies, more often than not, only one group of respondents, as evidenced by the study of Oshi & Nakalema;   the authors of this study wanted information from various groups of people who are involved in sexual health education, not only knowledge information from adolescents.  

Sample / Population: What was the population used in the study? Was there a sample used? If so, how was the sample selected? How many were in the sample?
The study was broken into five different components which needed a separate sample for each of the five components.   The five components and sample categories used are: preliminary field study to gather background data and seek institutional consents; questionnaire survey of secondary-school-age pupils (ages 12–21; median age 15; total 2301); focus group study of pupils (total 185 in 20 groups of eight to 12 pupils); questionnaire survey of 351 parents; and focus group study of parents (total 23 in two groups).

What was the specific quantitative research method used?
Questionnaires were utilized due to ease of administration to a large group in order to gather a broad scope of information.   Additionally, questionnaires provided the numeric...