Counselling is:
  * The process that occurs when a client and counsellor set aside time in order to explore difficulties which may include the stressful or emotional feelings of the client. 
  * The act of helping the client to see things more clearly, possibly from a different view-point. This can enable the client to focus on feelings, experiences or behaviour, with a goal to facilitating positive change.
  * A relationship of trust.  Confidentiality is paramount to successful counselling.  Professional counsellors will usually explain their policy on confidentiality, they may, however, be required by law to disclose information if they believe that there is a risk to life.
Counselling is Not:
  * Giving advice.
  * Judgemental.
  * Attempting to sort out the problems of the client.
  * Expecting or encouraging a client to behave in a way in which the counsellor may have behaved when confronted with a similar problem in their own life.
  * Getting emotionally involved with the client.
  * Looking at a client's problems from your own perspective, based on your own value system.

Counselling and Psychotherapy form an important part of Psychological Therapies, they fall under three main categories:
  * Behavioural Therapies - focus on cognitions and behaviours. Behavioural Therapies are based on the way you think (cognitive) and/or the way you behave. These therapies recognise that it is possible to change, or recondition, our thoughts or behaviour to overcome specific problems.
  * Psychoanalytical and Psychodynamic Therapies - focus on the unconscious relationship patterns that evolved from childhood. Psychoanalytical and psychodynamic therapies are based on an individual's unconscious thoughts and perceptions that have developed throughout their childhood, and how these affect their current behaviour and thoughts. Humanistic therapies - focusing on self-development in the 'here and now'.
  * Humanistic Therapies - focus on...