2.5 Schools as organisations
Assessment criteria
      4.1 Identify the laws and codes of practice affecting work in schools
The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child 1989 was drawn up in 1989 and approved by the UK in 1991.   There are 54 articles included, those which relate directly to schools are as follows:
  * Article 2 – children have a right to protection from any form of discrimination
  * Article 3 – the best interests of the child are the primary consideration
  * Article 12 – children are entitled to express their views in keeping with their age and maturity
  * Article 13 – children have a right to receive and share information as long as it is not damaging to others
  * Article 14 – children   have a right to freedom of religion and be free to examine their beliefs
  * Article 28 – all children have a right to education
  * Article 29 – children’s education should develop each child’s personality, talents and abilities.   They should learn to live peacefully and respect other people and the environment
The Education Act 2002 brought a number of changes to school regulations, staffing and governance.   It was amended in 2006 to include a duty of schools to promote unity in the community and to work alongside other community-based organisations.
Children Act 2004 and 2006 – the 2004 Act came in alongside the Every Child Matters paper impacting the way schools addressed issues of care, welfare and discipline.   It required agencies to work together to take on more responsibility for pupil welfare.   The five basic outcomes are to be healthy, stay safe, enjoy and achieve, make a positive contribution and achieve economic well-being.
The Act was amended in 2006 to place more responsibility on local authorities to improve the well-being for young children, enable parents to work by ensuring there is sufficient childcare, provide information about childcare to parents, ensure the training of local childcare providers, introduce the...