Mental Illness

Diagnosis and Treatment

Yo’Reshea M. Whorton


May 20, 2012

Professor Jeff Kuykendall

A psychological disorder, also known as a mental disorder is a pattern of behavioral or
psychological symptoms that impact multiple life areas or create distress for the person
experiencing these symptoms. Schizophrenic disorders are chronic, severe and disabling brain
disorders that have afftected people throughout history. Those who suffer from these illnesses
may experience hallucinations, false sensory perceptions that usually take the form of hearing
voices that are not there. They also experience delusions false beliefs about reality with no
factual bases-that distort their relationships with their surrounding and with people. Morris, C.G
and Maisto, A.A (2010) Understanding Psychology pp. 415. Schizophrenia affects families and
society because those who have it may have difficulty holding down a job or caring for
themselves. Schizophrenia may present itself different from person to person. Those with
disorganized schizophrenia may express bizarre symptoms that may seem to relate to those of
young children, they often giggle or make faces and may have trouble with controlling their
bodily functions. People who are diagnosed as catatonic schizophrenics mimic robotic like
behavior, they are usually mute and can sit for hours without moving. Paranoid schizophrenics
believe that someone is always out to harm them; they are always suspicious which can
sometimes cause them to become hostile or aggressive. They may experience delusions,
hallucinations or incoherence and can seem perfectly normal until they begin to express what
they are thinking. Those who may express delusions and hallucinations, but do not show the
typical symptoms of any other subtype of the disorder are classified as having undifferentiated
schizophrenia. (Maisto and Morris, 2010). Schizophrenia affects men and women equally and
occurs at similar...