Fahmeen Shaikh
Humanities MWF 10:00-10:50
Dr. Wilson
12 February 2015
Mazar-e-Quaid, also known as Jinnah Mausoleum or the National Mausoleum, is where Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan, as well as his sister, Fatima Jinnah, and Liaquat Ali Khan, the first Prime Minister of Pakistan, peacefully rest today. The name of the mausoleum, Mazar-e-Quaid, originates from Jinnah’s byname Quaid-e-Azam, meaning “Great Leader.” The mausoleum, located in Karachi, Pakistan, finished building in the 1960s and is an iconic monument of Pakistan.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah was a lawyer and politician as well as the founder of Pakistan. He was a leader in the political party, All-India Muslim League, which established in the early years of the 20th century. He was a leader of the league from 1913 to the independence of Pakistan on August 14th, 1947. Jinnah was also the governor-general of Pakistan until his death in 1948.
For Muslims in India, the idea of Pakistan was just an idea and a hope in the background until Jinnah turned into a reality. Jinnah was born in Karachi and trained to be a barrister in London, England.   Jinnah came to power in the Indian National Congress in the first two decades of the 20th century. In these early years of his political career, Jinnah encouraged Hindu–Muslim unity, aiding in influencing the 1916 Lucknow Pact between the Congress and the All-India Muslim League. In 1940, Jinnah had come to believe that Indian Muslims should have their own state and in that year, the Muslim League, led by Jinnah, passed the Lahore Resolution, demanding a separate nation. In the end, the Congress of India and the Muslim League could not reach an agreement for a united India, leading all parties to reach a decision to separate independence for a mostly Hindu India, and for a Muslim-majority state, Pakistan.
As the first Governor-General of Pakistan, Jinnah established the new nation's government and policies, aided millions of Muslim...