Income Gender Inequality

Income gender gap has increasingly become one of the most oft-contested numbers in gender equality in the workplace and the problem of income gender inequality has also been the important concern of people in Australia, even worldwide (Casserly, 2013). Income gender inequality is defined as the average differences between the aggregate hourly earnings of men and women. The reasons for income gender inequality can be reflected from several dimensions, including the differences in preferred industry and job, occupation, inequality in getting access to formal employment, discrimination and stereotypic attitudes in hiring women, and differences in relevant work experiences and length of work week (Reeson, Measham& Hosking, 2012). Notably, such problem might hinder the development of economy and even the society as a whole. There are two totally different schools of thought towards the problem of income gender gap. The arguments opposing increasing the chances for women to get access to higher education are varied but include the less time women will spend on their families and women’s lack of work efficiency in the labor market. The second perspective suggests encouraging more women to be involved in higher education can be seen as the most appropriate way to solve the problem of women’s lower pensions, handle with the negative consequences for the well-being of families, and grow the economy of a country.

The first argument for encouraging education opportunities for women is a realistic one, as it is tightly connected with women themselves. Learning different useful skills can help women live wealthier and happier lives. Australia now has a persistent gender pay gap and gender pay gap in the Australia In August 2010 was more than 16% (Reeson, Measham& Hosking, 2012). According to the studies of European Commission (2015), the earnings of women over...