Manipulation Techniques in Orwell’S Nineteen Eighty Four : the Power of Language

Manipulation Techniques in   Orwell’s
Nineteen Eighty Four   : The Power of Language

         My thesis statement is that George Orwell’s novel Nineteen Eighty Four carries a well-founded warning and exhibits the numerous methods by which the political leaders in a totalitarian regime use power to manipulate and control society. The aim of my essay is to show what are these manipulation techniques and what effect they have on individuals. I will try to achieve my bourne by exhibiting and explaining how language can shape people’s sense of reality, how it can be used to conceal truths, and even how it can be used to manipulate history, as seen in Orwell’s novel.
      First, it is necessary to explain why and show how the fictional society in George Orwell's“1984” stands as a metaphor for a Totalitarian society. A Totalitarian society is one with limited freedom of expression, and although it provides control for the people, it can deny them a great deal of freedom to express themselves. Communication, personal beliefs, and individual loyalty to the government are all controlled by the Inner Party, which governs the people of Oceania in order to keep them from rebelling. The dystopian society of Oceania is maintained through the use of many control measures, including the falsification of the past, streams of constant propaganda and organizations for children. However, the most powerful and central method of control is not just the ongoing manipulation of language in the development of Newspeak, but also the thought process of doublethink.
      Orwell’s novel paints a frightening picture of a totalitarian system gone to the extreme, but it is a novel that is fundamentally about psychological control of the public. Of course, the Party does employ torture as part of its control regime, but the psychological control tactics are the dominant ones in the novel. While physical punishment is difficult to administer, psychological tactics (manipulation of people...