Malnutrition in India

NEW DELHI: India accounts for 57 million (5 crore) of the world's 146 million(15 crores) malnourished children. around 1/3 is present in india.
It has the same rate of malnutrition as Ethiopia (47 per cent) and Nepal and Bangladesh (48 per cent). This is in stark contrast with the figures for China (eight per cent), Thailand (18) and even Afghanistan (39), according to a global report released by the United Nations Children's Fund here on Wednesday.
At the current rate of progress, the millennium development goal to halve child hunger by 2015 will not be reached till 2025, says the document, "Progress for Children: A Report Card on Nutrition, 2006."
The proportion of underweight children in developing countries has declined only slightly in the past 15 years — falling just 5 percentage points since 1990. One in four children under five in developing countries is underweight (27 per cent of 146 million). Nearly half of them live in India, Bangladesh and Pakistan, accounting for the death of 5.6 million children under five every year.
Each year 6,00,000 under-5 child deaths could be averted in India if simple health interventions along with correct feeding practices were universally applied. One out of every three adult women is underweight and therefore at risk of giving birth to low-weight babies
Severe malnutrition is more frequent among girls (19.1 per cent) than boys (16.9 per cent). While most infants in India are initially breastfed, only 37 per cent children are exclusively breastfed for four months.
Malnutrition rates among children of 0-3 years vary greatly across States, from Madhya Pradesh (55.1 per cent), Bihar (54.4), Orissa (54.4), Uttar Pradesh (51.7) and Rajasthan (50.6) to Goa (28.6), Manipur (27.5 ) and Kerala (26.9).
The report suggests half of all children , 50% in India under three are underweight, a quarter of all 25% children are born with low weight, and three quarters of under-three children 75% and half of adult women 50% are...